3 edition of Alfalfa varieties under irrigation found in the catalog.
Alfalfa varieties under irrigation
C. O. Stanberry
1945 by State College of Washington, Agricultural Experiment Station in Pullman, Wash .
Written in English
|Statement||by H.P. Singleton, C.E. Nelson, and C.O. Stanberry.|
|Series||Bulletin / State College of Washington. Agricultural Experiment Station -- no. 464., Bulletin (State College of Washington. Agricultural Experiment Station) -- no. 464.|
|Contributions||Nelson, C. E., Stanberry, Chauncy Owen, 1913-|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||32 p. :|
|Number of Pages||32|
Alfalfa, a mainstay of today's agriculture, is the only forage known to have been cultivated before the era of recorded history. From its probable homeland in Iran, alfalfa came to Greece with the Persian legions under Darius. The invaders sowed alfalfa to feed their chariot horses and fatten their cattle. Alfalfa originated from the Mediterranean basin and southwest Asia (Iran, Afghanistan) and was one of the first forage crops to be domesticated (Cook et al., ).It is now cultivated worldwide, from 36°S to 58°N and from sea level up to m (Ecoport, ).The USA is the main producer of alfalfa, and the crop is common in many parts of Europe as well as in the Middle-East, Africa, South. Alfalfa is adaptable to virtually all types of sprinkler systems. Side-roll and center pivot systems are the most commonly used systems, but hand-moved and volume-gun systems may be used also. Alfalfa can also be irrigated by surface irrigation methods. Border irrigation can be practiced on smooth, level or uniformly sloping fields. Alfalfa Science and Technology represents the specialties of more than 70 authors who are experts in alfalfa improvement. The title reflects the dual emphasis on basic information (Chapters 7) and practical applica tion (Chapters ). The first chapter opens with a discussion of world distribution and.
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Alfalfa is a water-intensive crop that faces a major challenge when irrigation restrictions are in place. However, understanding when alfalfa needs moisture the most can greatly help you schedule applications to maximize limited amounts of : Tharran Gaines.
Alfalfa has a long taproot that pene-trates more deeply into the soil than crops such as corn or wheat which have more fibrous, shallow roots. Under favorable conditions, alfalfa roots may penetrate over 20 feet deep.
This great rooting depth gives alfalfa excellent drought tolerance. Sloping fields where erosion is a. Churchill Street, #1 | St. Paul, MN | Phone: | Fax: Southwest, alfalfa must be irrigated to maximize farm profit.
Although there is some dryland alfalfa, more than 90 percent of alfalfa grown in the 11 western U.S. states is irrigated. Good irrigation management is critical to successful alfalfa production, and it requires an understanding of the relationship betweenFile Size: 2MB.
Selecting the best alfalfa varieties is one of the most important decisions producers make in devel - oping a good forage-production system. Selecting alfalfa varieties is a 5- to year investment. It is important to buy quality seed of certified varieties with high germination percentages.
Planting high-File Size: KB. Protection for re-cropping restrictions for residual herbicides prior to seeding alfalfa. Varieties Factors to consider in selection of a suitable alfalfa variety include winter hardiness, rate of re-growth, rooting pattern, disease resistance, intended use, irrigated or dryland production, growing seasonFile Size: KB.
Alfalfa (/ æ l ˈ f æ l f ə /), also called lucerne and called Medicago sativa in binomial nomenclature, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. It is used for grazing, hay, and silage, as well as a green manure and cover name alfalfa is used in North : Tracheophytes.
the various alfalfa varieties under local conditions. This is an excellent way to ensure that a variety is well-adapted to your area. For the latest results from If under irrigation, keep the alfalfa root zone moist during the growing season and irrigate immediately after File Size: KB.
ALFALFA VARIETIES IN THE UNITED STATES 9 CANADIAN VARIEGATED Canadian Variegated, or Ontario Variegated, is the name given to an alfalfa of hybrid origin grown in eastern Canada for many years. It is very similar to the Grimm variety as to flower color and general habit of growth.
In fact, these two varieties are soCited by: 4. Alfalfa is a relatively drought tolerant, deep rooted perennial crop with relatively high water use requirement.
These facts offer some significant information about alfalfa irrigation management strategy. Because alfalfa is a deep-rooting perennial, it has the ability to survive long periods between irrigations.
Sizing Alfalfa Fields to Irrigation • Rule of thumb in South Plains: ” of water required for 1 ton production – Clovis area, ” per ton – Far West Texas: flood, ~10”/ton; ~8”/ton. • Consult ‘Texas Alfalfa Production’ for guideline on calculating target acreage for your irrigation capacity/efficiency •.
material advantage of dry-land or nonirrigated alfalfa over seed produced under irrigation. ARGENTINE ALFALFA During the fiscal years toinclusive, the average annual importation of seed from Argentina amounted to about 4, pounds and created much interest in the suitability of Argentine seed for various parts of the United by: 4.
Irrigated Alfalfa Management for Mediterranean and Desert Zones C. Summers, and D. Putnam Paperback English ISBN scientifically-based comprehensive information about the growth, production, management, and utilization of alfalfa grown under irrigation.
This is a practical guide for alfalfa growers and industry partners. Irrigation Water Requirements Crop Data Summary TOTAL Month Total Monthly ET (3) inches Dry Year 80% Chance (1) Effective Precipitation inches Net Irrigation Reqirements inches (2) Normal Year 50% Chance (1) Effective Precipitation inches Net Irrigation Reqirements inches (2) Average Daily ETc inches Peak Daily ETPk File Size: KB.
and improve water use efficiency in alfalfa. Yield. It is quite likely that alfalfa yields may improve utilizing SDI in alfalfa vs.
flood irrigation. Growers in the long-seasoned environment of Central and Southern California and Arizona have reported yields averaging 3 ton/acre over their check. Filed under: Alfalfa. The book of alfalfa; history, cultivation and merits. Its uses as a forage and fertilizer.
(New York, Orange Judd Company, ), by F. Coburn (page images at HathiTrust; US access only) Alfalfa, "the grass," in Ohio: where, how and why to grow it / (Columbus: F. Heer Print. Irrigation management Alfalfa grown for forage in the arid Northwest normally requires from acre feet (for day growing season) to acre feet (for day growing season) of water.
When irrigation supplies are limited, growers may want to alter their normal irrigation : Steve Fransen. Introduction. Alfalfa for forage production is a main irrigated field crop in arid and semiarid areas (Abdul-Jabbar et al., ).In the Ebro valley (Spain), the highly calcareous soils and the long free frost period allow to obtain high yields (>16 Mg ha −1), making alfalfa the highest user of irrigation water (Salvador et al., ).The alfalfa acreage in the Ebro valley is around Cited by: 4.
Using subsurface drip irrigation for alfalfa. Subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) systems under alfalfa are viewed as an alternative to on sugarcane crop from with 3-varieties i.e. These chapters include discussions of alfalfa varieties, seeding, fertilization, irrigation, weed control, identification and control of diseases and insects, harvesting, storage, feeding, pasturing, and seed production.
The final chapters consider alfalfa from an international viewpoint, with discussions of research centers, outlook, and. Winter Survival, Fall Dormancy & Pest Resistance Ratings for Alfalfa Varieties Edition This publication provides ratings of alfalfa varieties eligible for certification by seed certifying agencies.
It does not list all important characteristics to be considered in the selection of alfalfa Size: KB. The objectives of the study were to determine: a) the daily and seasonal water use and the water use efficiency (WUE) of alfalfa grown under different irrigation regimes, b) the yield and quality.
beginning of the third year to determine nutrient needs of the alfalfa plant. Irrigation. Water for seed germination is sprinkled immediately after planting and then again two weeks later with a total of 6 acre-inches. Flood irrigation may be used when sprinkler irrigation is not available, but for this study, sprinkler irrigation is Size: KB.
ALFALFA IRRIGATION AND DROUGHT Glenn E. Shewmaker1, Richard G. Allen2, and W. Howard Neibling3 1Extension Forage Specialist, 2Professor of Water Resources Engineering, and 3Water Management Engineer, Kimberly Research and Extension Center, University of Idaho Water use is high in alfalfa because it has a long growing season, a deep root system, and a dense canopy.
Not all varieties marketed have resistance (e.g. Hunter River). Diseases. Resistance to disease is of much greater importance when lucerne is grown under irrigation than when grown dryland.
Phytophthora root rot: Resistance is essential under irrigation and desirable on poorly drained soil types dryland.
Evaluation of Alfalfa and Sainfoin Varieties in Sheridan Under Dryland and Irrigated Environments V.D. Jeliazkov (Zheljazkov)1, D.
Smith1 1Sheridan Research and Extension Center. Introduction Alfalfa is a major forage crop in Wyoming, and farmers and ranchers are. Go to and click on Alfalfa Varieties Edition of ratings entitled “Winter Survival, Fall Dormancy & Pest Resistance Ratings for Alfalfa Varieties”.
Better yet, consult your local county agricultural agent, seed dealer, or agronomist for grazing varieties that will do well in your area. ably to irrigation and will produce yields almost proportional to the amount of water available to the crop.
Special Alfalfa Irrigation Characteristics. A number of important factors cause alfalfa irrigation to. differ from other crops normally irrigated in Nebraska. These factors include: 1. Alfalfa is a perennial crop with a potential deep File Size: KB.
highest yield cultivar under limited irrigation conditions. Materials and methods This experiment was conducted in at the research field of Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Karaj, Iran (35°45' E, 50°55' N, and m above the sea level), to compare alfalfa cultivars in different harvests.
Research proved that this variety performs under drought conditions as well as under regular irrigation practices using more water. This alfalfa variety was released in June and was favorably reviewed by the National Alfalfa and Miscellaneous Legume.
Sample costs to establish and produce alfalfa hay under mixed irrigation in the Intermountain Region of Scott Valley in Siskiyou County are presented in this study. This study is intended as a guide only, and can be used to make production decisions, determine potential returns, prepare budgets, and evaluate production Size: 1MB.
Alfalfa is one of the most important, nutritive, and high yielding forage legumes planted across the US. Fall dormancy in alfalfa influences forage yield characteristics and the plants persistence mostly under the cold and temperate climate. The objective of this study was to evaluate alfalfa cultivars with different fall dormancy-ratings for their forage yield at each cut and the annual Author: Koffi Djaman, Curtis Owen, Komlan Koudahe, Michael O’Neill.
A trial on the suitability of subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) for alfalfa (Medicago sativa L) was conducted on a producer's field.
The soil is sandy loam. The treatments included drip tape spacing of 60, 40, and 30 inches, placed at and inch depth.
A nearby center pivot sprinkler irrigated plot was seeded to alfalfa as a control. This video is about Alfalfa Grower Experiences Higher Production Per Acre with Subsurface Drip Irrigation. • Irrigating Alfalfa in California with Limited Water Supplies. About 1, acres of alfalfa are irrigated in California.
This large acreage coupled with a long growing season make alfalfa the largest agricultural user of water, with annual water applications of 4, to 5, acre-feet. Read more on Alfalfa irrigation.
You can enrich this article by leaving a comment or photo of your alfalfa irrigation methods. 1.) Alfalfa Uses & General Info. 2.) Alfalfa Plant Information.
3.) How to grow Alfalfa. 4.) Alfalfa Soil Requirements – Variety Selection – Weed Management. 5.) Sowing and Seeding Rate of Alfalfa. 6.) Alfalfa. Llewellyn L. Manske PhD Range Scientist North Dakota State University Dickinson Research Extension Center.
An alfalfa variety trial that included both Medicago sativa and Medicago falcata was conducted to evaluate the performance of hay- and pasture-type alfalfas under the environmental conditions of western North performance of the alfalfa varieties was compared to the performance. Yield performance of alfalfa varieties under different methods of cutting in Interior.
Agricultural Research Annual Report, Directorate General of Agricultural Research, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Oman. Al-Ajmi, A., Ahmed, M. & Esechie, H.
cultivated for irrigated alfalfa production and the remaining acres consist of wheat, silage or grain corn production. The market value for irrigated agricultural land with water rights varies widely by area and soil type. In this budget, land is valued at $4, per acre. Flood irrigation is used for all crops.
Water is leased at the rate of. Alfalfa Seed. In Nevada we grow over acres of high quality alfalfa seed for domestic and overseas use. We plant conventional alfalfa varieties along with hybrid varieties.
All alfalfa seed is grown under irrigation and harvested in a timely manner. This experiment was conducted in at the research field of Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Karaj, Iran, to compare alfalfa cultivars in different harvests.
The experiment was conducted in the form of a randomized complete block design with three replications and two factors: (1) eleven alfalfa cultivars obtained from the Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Karaj, Iran, and (2) four Cited by: 1.Geography, topography, climate and soil types aside, all alfalfa growers face a variety of irrigation-related challenges, whether they use a sprinkler irrigation system or subsurface drip irrigation.
“Alfalfa and forage growers from all areas of the country are looking for effective irrigation management strategies to maximize water use.NMSU develops drought-tolerant alfalfa variety Flynn said some varieties do well under normal irrigation practices, but once the water is withheld, they don’t do as well.
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